The oxford online dictionary defines corruption as Dishonest or fraudulent conduct by those in power, typically involving bribery. It also defined it as; The action or effect of making someone or something morally deprived. But whatever the definition, corruption is negative and is no good to any society.
The effects of corruption on the image and development of Nigeria need not be overemphasized but disheartening as it is, Corruption is Nigeria’s biggest challenge. It is clear to every citizen that the level of corruption in the country is high. It is found in every sector of society. in political offices, schools, churches, in the police force, etc.
Bribery happens to be the most common form of corrupt practice in Nigeria, and it has to do with give and take. It is in situations of bribery we find extortion practices by the police, the customs and other uniform workers, sorting among students, election irregularities and lots more.
Other forms of corruption include
Nepotism:the practice among those with power or influence of favoring relatives or friends, especially by giving them jobs.
Fraud: It involves some kind of trickery, swindle and deceit, counterfeiting, racketing, smuggling and forgery.
Embezzlement: This is theft of public resources by public officials. It is when a state official steals from the public institution in which he/she is employed. In Nigeria the embezzlement of public funds is one of the most common ways of economic accumulation.
Nigeria is 56 years old, and still aging, and it looks like we’re still at the very beginning, woe to corruption. Reduction in the amount of money needed for development in other words promoting poverty, political instability, environmental catastrophe, etc. All these and Nigeria has been paying, and is still pay even at 56 years old because of corruption.
causes of corruption in Nigeria
- Great inequality in distribution of wealth
- Political office as the primary means of gaining access to wealth
- The weakness of social and governmental enforcement mechanisms
- Ineffective/weak criminal justice system(police, court, and prison)
- weak institutions
- Bad public perception
- Bad nature of the economy
- Poor reward system
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